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Abstract


PERSON AND TIME IN MYTHOLOGICAL- RELIGIOUS DOCTRINE SYSTEM OF MIRCHI ELIADE
MirchaEliade (1907–1986) – the Romanian philosopher of culture, the researcher of mythology, religion, the writer. In the present work is considered the research method of Eliade, being classical, is far from any limitation. His concept about development and formation of cultural wealth of the East and the West is represented to the extremely interesting and important not only for religious studies, a science as a whole applied, but for cultural science, philosophy and literary criticism. For the most adequate understanding of Eliade it is necessary to start with that simple fact that it should not be regarded as "applied" , the researcher of religion or the researcher of myths, but, first of all, as the original philosopher. In the works of Eliade, first of all, aimed to reveal structure and value of religious phenomenon, to understand their senses. The symbolism of myths and any symbols of culture) act for it as the moments of an enlightenment embodied by memory - the intuitions, lighting up person and become some kind of principles of its survival. The sum such the intuitions, forming memory of culture, also is an internal reality of consciousness. Only being shipped in this cultural reality «in itself», the person is capable to overcome all conditions of human existence limiting it (up to overcoming of the corporal limitation) to find creative freedom and to reach spiritual rescue. There by mythology MirchiEliade appears not only as a certain cultural-historical concept or even aesthetic credo, but, perhaps still, as the original ethical doctrine. Other important point in a philosophical heritage of Eliada considered in this article, its original concept of archaic consciousness and a way of thinking, and also its sights at history philosophy is represented. According to Eliade, space – as the world order established from a century and organizing all of the relation in the Universe, resisting to the chaos won, but not destroyed by the certificate world order, acted for the ancient person as the dominating beginning of perception of all real. ?????????? acted for it as a tuning fork and a paradigm for interpretation of any significant vital phenomena. Space constituted not passing present, independent from the past and not assuming the inevitable future. The perception the modern person itself as «the subject in the history», on Eliade, imposes on it not passing cargo colossal responsibility, but thus allows to feel itself as the history-maker. Changes in perception people of the historical time, interfaced to evolution of models of their self-understanding, reconstructs by means of studying of corresponding symbols and rituals in philosophical, religious and mythological systems. In the book «the Myth about eternal returning. Archetypes and repetition » Eliade in the compressed kind has stated an essence of the philosophico-historical sights in a context of a problem of destinies of a western civilisation, and also has outlined not which bases« archaic ????????? ». This term of Eliade designated the special form of philosophical anthropology. Eliade shows that the archaic person allocates with a reality, the importance and sense only those subjects and actions which are involved in a transcendental, sacral, mythological reality. This reality is comprehended by a primitive society (or religious consciousness in general) means intension experiences of absolute object –"archetype". Thus, the concept of Eliadewhich hoped is tracked down to find out a uniform source of originally religious life. The religious project of the thinker – creation of theology without God which place takes up Sacral. Sacral, an absolute reality without a name and the person, should become the basis of "planetary humanism” of which Eliade dreamt.

Keywords
Myths, Person, Archetype, Sacral, Philosophy


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